Categories : Learn Quran Academy

10 things to do in Last Days of Ramadan

 

ramadan last nights

Every moment of Ramdan is priceless and we should not let it go without earning reward from Allah SWT. The last 10 days of Ramdan are even more valuable than first twenty days due to many reasons. Allah’s Messenger used to exert himself in devotion during the last ten nights to a greater extent than at any other time.” (Muslim).

The Prophet said: “Whoever prays during the night of Qadr with faith and hoping for its reward will have all of his previous sins forgiven.” (Bukhari and Muslim recorded from Abu Huraira).

  1. Take a vacation for Allah.

We take break from our work when we have some important events in our life. Ramadan is time for blessings and salvation so not we should take break from our jobs and focus on to focus on worshiping and thanking our Creator.

  1. Do Itikaf.

Our beloved prophet Mohammed peace be upon him used to spend the last ten days and nights of Ramadan in the mosque for Itikaf. Itekaf is cutting off your relations with the world and devoting all your time in zikr, salat, reading Quran etc. Its sunnah to do itekaf for last ten days of Ramadan but if you’re not able to spare time for sunnah itekaf you can also do it for few days or even one night.

  1. Make this special Dua.

Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said: I asked the Messenger of Allah: ‘O Messenger of Allah, if I know what night is the night of Qadr, what should I say during it?’ He said: ‘Say: O Allah, You are pardoning and You love to pardon, so pardon me.’ “(Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and Tirmidhi).

layla tul qadr dua

  1. Recite the Quran.

Spend your time in reciting Quran because it’s a great deal and there are many virtues for reading Quran and following it. Try to increase the time for Quran recitation in ending days on Ramdan.

  1. Reflect on the meaning of the Quran.

Ramadan is time when most us of get closer to Quran and read it more than any other part of year. So this is best time to go deeply into the meaning and understand Quran.  You should follow and reflect what you learn from Quran.

  1. Get your sins wiped out.

Abu Huraira narrated that the Messenger said: Whoever stands (in prayer) in Laylatul Qadr while nourishing his faith with self-evaluation, expecting reward from Allah, will have all of his previous sins forgiven. [Bukhari and Muslim).

So, pray longer, deeper  and meaningful  in last days of Ramadan and carefully reflect what the meaning when you pray.

  1. Evaluate yourself.

It is the time when you should ask the Question you need that need to be asked from yourself. It is the best time for self evaluation and knowing where you’re going. Feel happy for the good you have done and remorse for the bad you have done and seek forgives for you bad acts. Doing this will make you closer to Allah Subhan Wa Taala.

  1. Attend the Dua after the completion of Quran recitation

Quran reading is completed in lmost all masjids Quran in Tarawih prayers in Ramadan specially in last day of Ramdan. Make sure to attend the dua after the completion and try to take your family to this gathering.

  1. Finish reading a book on the Prophet

The life of our beloved Prophet Mohammed Peace be upon him is role model for us. We should know about his life as much as we can and follow his footsteps in every aspect of life. Try reading about the life of Prophet Mohammed Peace be upon him. It will increase your love for him and Islam

  1. To do list for the Night of Power

The last but not least; make a “to do checklist” for each Night of Decree. This is the night better than a thousand months so pick the things from your checklist and perform them in expected laylatul Qadr. Also define the sequence you would like to do things in.

8 Steps To complete reading The Holy Quran In Ramadan

addtext_com_MTUzMzE3MzQyODM

This article is to help you complete a Quran reading in Month of Ramadan. Though we should read Quran as much times as possible but it is highly recommended to achieve this noble goal at least one time in Ramadan.

 

STEP 1: ESTABLISHING AN INTENTION

 

Our Beloved Prophet Mohammed Peace be upon him taught us that the intention is very important for an act. Allah SWT notices our good intentions and gives us reward for intentions. When you establish an intention it will be act as your commitment to Allah SWT. You’ll strive hard to achieve your commitment. Keep reacalling your intention & renew it. I will help you a lot.

 

STEP 2: DONT BE OVERHELMED

 

Don’t be overwhelmed by the number of pages or the length of some surahs. Keep your trust in Allah SWT and eliminate negative thinking that you can’t do it. Remind yourself that you are commited to Allah SWT and you’ll complete it (In sha ALLAH.)

 

STEP 3  PLAN A HEAD

 

Make a proper plan for completing Quran in Ramada, make an routine and adhere to it. Spare time from your work or rest structure a realistic plan for completing  the recitation of Qur’aan within the month of Ramadan.

 

STEP 4  UNDERSTANDING ‘QURAN’ 

 

Try to read the Quran with Translation and know the meaning of verses you are reading. Try to read the Quran with Tafseer  (detailed explaination) which will give you the idea of theme, topic, message and meaning of what you are reciting. It will also uplift your faith!

 

STEP 5 FIND ”QURAN” BUDDIES AND COMPLETE IN GOOD

 

Develop are close relation to with brothers/sisters who are known for their attachment to the ‘Qur’an’. Make them your spiritual friends and stay engaged with your Quran buddies for noble ‘Qur’an’ productivity goals. Request them to remind you to fulfil your aim and  aspirations and help your in time of slacking.

 

STEP 6  SIEZE THE MOMENT

 

Don’t waste any moment which can help your achieving this spiritual goal of completing the Quran. Invest in a pocket-sized ‘Qur’an’ and make it your Best Friend this Ramadan. Seize every moment and opportunity through which you can please Allah SWT by reading and learning Quran.

 

 

STEP 7  REMAIN STEDFAST AND CONSISTENT

 

Consistency is the key to any success. After you map your plan stick to it and don’t be lazy. The moments of Ramadan are very precious so remind yourself of the greatness of this month and remember that you have a great opportunities in life which you may not get next year. Simply no compromise it in this month.

tumblr_o797hjkUWI1qapk2qo1_500

STEP 8  MAKE DUA’A TO ALLAH SUBHANHU WA TaA’LLA

 

As a Muslim we seek the help of Allah SWT in everything. It is our faith the we can achieve nothing without the assistance and guide of Allah SWT. Supplicate to Allah SWT to help you achive your goal of completing Quran in the Month of Ramadan and crown your efforts with success, insha’ALLAH.

 

Ramadan will pass quickly, to make use of every moment of this sacred month whether its day or night.  May the Qur’an be your companion of in this lfie and life hereafter.

 

qualities of muslims

The Qualities Allah wants in Human

qualities of muslims
“Say (O Muhammad to mankind): “If you (really) love Allah, then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic monotheism, follow the Quran and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Quran: 3:31)

Justice and Dealing with Equity
“Be just: that is nearer to piety; and fear Allah.” (Quran: 5:8)

Patience 
“And Allah loves as-Sabirun (the patient).” (Quran: 3:146)
Putting Trust in Allah 
“Certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).” (Quran: 3:159)

Rescuing 
Abu Hurairah and Anas Ibn Malik narrated:  Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allah loves rescuing the one who needs rescue.”

Being Gentle and Kind to Others 
“ Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allah is kind and gentle (to others).”
Narrared by Baiqahi
Perfection of One’s Work
The Prophet Mohammed (peace be upon him) said: “Allah loves that if one does a job he perfects it.”

Kindliness 
“Aisha narrated: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Allah loves kindliness in all matters.”(Bukhari)

Repentance 
“Truly, Allah loves those who turn unto him in repentance.” (Quran: 2:222)

Piety 
“Verily, then Allah loves those who are al-Muttaqun (the pious).”
(Quran: 3:76)

Good-doing
“Truly, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (the good-doers).” (Quran: 2:195)

Humility of the Rich 
Muslim narrated: Sa’d Ibn Abi Waqqas said: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allah loves the believer who is pious and rich, but does not show off.”

Belief and Work 
Al-Tabarani narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allah loves the slave who believes and acquires a career (or work).”

Exhortation and Advising 
Abdullah, the son of Imam Ahmed narrated: It was said: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “The best loved slaves to Allah are those who exhort their slaves.”

Reflection of Allah’s Grace 
Al-Tirmidhi narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allah loves from amongst his slaves, the one who has a sense of zeal or honor.”

Body Purification 
“And Allah loves those who make themselves clean and pure [ i.e. who clean their private parts with dust (which has the properties of soap) and water from urine and stools, after answering the call of nature].”(Quran: 9:108)

Magnanimity
Al-Hakim narrated: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Allah is All-Generous and He loves generosity in sale, purchase and judgment.”

Virtuosity 
The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: ” Allah loves the slave-believer who is poor but virtuous enough to refrain from begging though he has many children.” (Muslim and Ahmed)

Loftiness 
Al-Tabarani narrated: the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “Allah loves lofty matters and superiority and hates inferior matters.”

Justice 
Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allah loves that you be just toward your children even when kissing them.” (Ibn Al-Najjar)

Strength 
Muslim narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “The strong believer is better and more loved by Allah than the weak one, but they are both good.”

Love for the Sake of Allah 
Al-Tabarani, Ibn Ya’la, Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “If two men love each other for the sake of Allah, the stronger in love to his brother will be more loved by Allah.”

Forgiveness 
Ibn Iday narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allah is All-Forgiving and He loves forgiveness.”

Continuous Performance of Righteous Deeds 
Bukhari and Muslim narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “The best loved deeds to Allah are the ones that are continuous even if they are not very many.”

Loving and Visiting Believers 
Malik narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Allah said: My love is due to those who meet for My sake, visit one another and make any effort for My pleasure.”

Love of Virtuous Deeds 
Ibn Abi Al-Dunya narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “The best loved slaves to Allah are those who are made to love virtue and loving virtuous deeds is made lovely to them.”

learn quran islam

10 Ways of Developing Love for Allah

10 Ways of Developing Love for Allah

learn quran islam

According to Shaykh Ibn al-Qayyim (rah) there are ten ways of developing love with Allah.

  1. Learn Quran

    Reciting Quran, reflecting Quran and to learn Quran so that one can interpret the meaning of Quran. Quran is word of Allah. When you read Quran its like listening to Allah SWT. Interpreting Quran help us to get the true message of Quran and so the we can implement its teachings in our life. It will make us obedient follower and we will we benifited in this life and hereafter.

  2. Optional deeds

    After obliagatory worship and duties if we make some time for optional deeds this will draw us more closer to Allah. It includes nawafil’s, fasting, umrah, sadqah and others.

islamic image namaz

 

  1. Dikhr

    It is one of 10 ways for developing love of Allah. It is remembering Allah with tounge, heart or limbs. Continious Dikhr help us to remind Allah all the time and this will ensures faith and iman.

  2. Following Allah’s Love

    In our daily lives we prefer our parents, siblings, friends and loved ones over ourselves. In the same way if we prefer Allah love over our loves, desires, and intentions. This will be best way to show your love for Allah. We must that what Allah loves for us is best for us.

  3. Remembering Allah

    Remembering Allah by Contemplating and deliberating over his Names and Attributes is one 10 practices mentioned by Shaykh Ibn al-Qayyim to develope love for Allah. It reminds us that Allah is very closer us and He is keenly observing our each and every act and movement. So, you’ll always be fear of Allah and you will not take any step which shows disobedience to your lord.

  4. Acknowledging Favors of Allah

    We are blessed with countless favours and bounties by Allah. So we must acknowledge and remember all blessings of Allah. If we always stay thankful to Allah for his countless blessings Allah will give us more blessings and reward us genreously.

  5. Stay Humble

    We human’s are very week and fragile creatures. Being proud and braggadacio does not suits us. We are nothing without Allah and we are totaly dependant on His mercy. Being humble and submissive to will of Allah will definetly make our realation strong with Allah.

  6. Reading Quran in Night:

    If we divide a night in 3 equall parts, the last third part is most suitable for Quran reading as Allah descends to lowest heaven in that part of night. Reading Quran at that time will make us loved and blessed by Allah and It is best time for prayers and seeking forgiveness and repenting on our sins.

learn quran reading

  1. Spending time with lovers of Allah 

    We can find people around us who are closer to Allah. We can learn a lot from them and if we regularly sit in their gathering we will get to know how to please Allah. We can take their advice and listen them carefully about different topics.

  2. Avoiding distractions

    This world is full of elements which can distract us from Allah. Like TV and Mobile phones. If minimize use of time consuming activities we can make more time to indulge in activites which are discussed above to develope love for Allah.

learn quran online

Virtues of Quran Reading

Virtues of Quran Reading

learn quran online

This is the Book (the Quran), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqoon [the pious]

[Quran Al-Baqarah 2:2]
Quran was revealed for human beings to make their life smooth and . Allah Almighty has promised great rewards and vritues for reading and following Quran

“Had We sent down this Quran on a mountain, you would surely have seen it humbling itself and rending asunder by the fear of Allah. Such are the parables which We put forward to mankind that they may reflect.”
[Quran Al-Hashr 59:21]

learn quran online

In Quran and hadith countless rewards are promised for those who learn Quran and practice the teachings of Quran. Each word of Quran adds 10 virtues in your account.  In different Hadiths the virtues of glorious Quran are discussed:

 

An authentic hadith in At-Tirmithee states:

“Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that “Alif, Laam, Meem” is a letter, rather I am saying that “Alif” is a letter, “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter.” So increase your recitation of the Qur’an to gain these merits, and to gain the following merit as well.”

When beginners start to learn Quran they are not fluent and smooth with Quran reading, because they are not well versed in Arabic language.  But there is double reward for their effort to learn Quran. A hadith related by Ayesha Siddiqah states:
Verily the one who recites the Qur’an beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. And as for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have TWICE that reward.”

 [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

One of the countless benefits of Quran reading is that Quran will be given permission to intercede on day of judgment and it will be intercessor for its readers. Allah raises the status of Muslim by Quran in this world and hereafter. The more recitating, learning and practicing

learn quran reading

 

Quran leads to higher status of Muslim. Those who learn Quran are also blessed with peace and happiness in their life and their prosperity and welfare is promoted by blessings of Allah. Many of their worries and regrets are often dispelled through blessing of Quran.


“Those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism], and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah, verily, in the remembrance of f Allah do hearts find rest”.

   (Qur ‘an 13: 28)
_____________________________________________________________________________

 

 

 

 

learn quran reading

Etiquettes of Handling Quran

Etiquettes of Handling Quran

(Learn Quran Academy’s Blog)

learn quranlast breadth

Quran is book with incomparable Excellency. So one must handle Quran with care and following ettiquettes.

 

Memorizing Quran

It is obligatory for each Muslim to memorize at least single verse from Quran. It is highly recommended to mrmorize at least one surah from Quran for every Muslim. It is also obligatory for a locality to have at least one Hafiz (a person who memorized whole Quran) whole Quran. This is speciality of Quran that it is the only book with is only not copied from pages to pages but it is also transferred from heart to heart. Even there are blind persons who learnt whole Quran by heart.

To forget Quran after memorizing it, is sin.

Read Quran Directly

It is recommended to recite Quran by looking on it. Even if one have memorized Quran he or she should read it by seeing on Quran. This makes reader more close to Quran and reader gets more rewards by looking, touching and handling Quran.

Place Quran on Clean and Pure places

Quran must be read in clean and pure places. It is not allowed to read Quran at dirty or impure places. Quran must be kept on cleaner and higher places in home. It is recommended to wrap Quran with piece of cloth to protect it from impurity.

 

Respect Quran

One should not put his/her back towards Quran. It also discourged to direct legs towards Quran. It is also not allowed to site higher than the place (in room) where Quran is placed.

learn quran reading

 

Reflect Quran

If a person is reading Quran and the verses are about punishment so reader should have feeling repentenace and if the verses are about rewards and blessings from Allah so reader should read it with joy.

 

Arranging Quran in Books

If   you have different books to arrange. Quran must be Kept above all books. If you have multiple copies of Quran. Place the Quran with out translation above follwed by Quran with translation. All Hadith books must be kept below the Quran (translated or untranlated copy) preferably in sequence Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Musli, Sunan Abi Dawood, At Tirmidhi, An nasai and Ibn Majah.

Author: Learn Quran Academy Staff

1 to 1 Live Quran Learning

You often go to market to buy electronic devices or other products. When you unbox them with the product you get a small booklet or instructional manual from manufacturer. In that manual you can find all details about best use of product. You will find details about keeping device in best working conditions, troubleshooting, fixing errors and many other stuff like that.

Isn’t it strange that product which costs only few dollars can have manual guide but man who is most precious thing in the world is left spare. No, man is not sent without any guidance because he is made by Allah Almighty who is maker or all the things. He has sent a guide for human beings too which is Quran.

Why to Learn Quran?

Quran tells us the right way to live. It provides us visions to spend life and help us to set aims of life. Quran tell us what is right for us and what is not. Quran connects us with our Lord. Quran is actually a message from Almighty to us. It was revealed on our Beloved Prophet Mohammed Peace be upon him.

learn quran kid

How to Learn Quran?

As discussed earlier Quran is important to us because our objectives of life are present in Quran. So we must learn Quran and follow the message of Allah in Quran. Quran was revealed in Arabic language so we must know how to read Quran. In order to read Arabic we have to learn its alphabets and basics. With effort of about one month we are able to read Quran.

Learn Quran Online

With advancements in science our lives are revolutionized. We have to do more activities and it is very hard to manage time to learning Quran. Taking advantage from internet technology and web applications Learn Quran Academy has innovated a new way to learning Quran which is called “online Quran Learning” or “One to One Live Quran classes”.

One to One live Quran learning

One to One live Quran learning involves student and teacher’s live interaction on most convenient time of student. In this session teacher and student talk to each other and teacher teaches lesson through webportal. Learn Quran academy has devised a webportal in which each student can have dedicated account on website.  Student can see what lessons teacher wants him/her to see and meanwhile they talk too. Each class takes 30 minutes which includes Quran lessons with tajweed and basic Islamic knowledge like Kalimas, Duas extra.

learn quran banner

The website is interactive which is accessible through most of internet connected devices like iphone, ipad, smart phones, laptop or desktop computers. This doesn’t require any additional hardware only internet connected device with microphone and speaker is required. It requires no computer skill and no age maturity. 4 year old kids, elder person, female sister or a working man can learn Quran at comfort of home sparing 30 minutes few times a week. The best thing you must know that everyone can try this service for free. Click here to register for free trial classes.
Allah has given us opportunity to learn Quran so we should learn Quran and spend our lives in accordance to teachings of Quran.
May Allah guide us to straight path.

learn quran islam

Earth is Mosque

Mosque is important and holy place to Muslims. As the topic of blog suggests that it is about importance of earth. The earth is planet on which we are living so it is our duty to protect earth from any distortion or destruction.  Islam as a religion has put light on this matter too. In Quran it is mentioned that

 “has appeared on the land and in the sea because of what the hands of humans have wrought. This is in order that we give them a taste of the consequences of their misdeeds that perhaps they will return to the path of right guidance.

Scholars interpret that the first word refers to pollution. A renown scholar Imam Zaid Shakir said that many early commentators of Quran discribed this corruption in ecological meanings such as drying up of rains, dissipation of the harvest of oceans etc.

Climate Change

Islam has presented a very clear message to humans that our actions, greeds, misdeeds and hubris can lead to spoiling of planet on which we all have to live upon. There is no example like this in any other faith on earth.

Growing trees

Islam was aware climatic changes and the fact that the environment of the Earth will depelete with time. Our beloved Prophet Mohammed Peace be upon him said:

“If a Muslim plants a tree or sows seeds, and then a bird, or a person or an animal eats from it, it is regarded as a charitable gift (sadaqah) for him.” – Imam Bukhari.

And in one more hadith Prophet Mohammed Peace be upon Him said that plant a tree even if it is your last deed.

 

Conservation of resources

Prophet Mohammed Peace and Blessing upon Him was once passing by His companian Saad, who was doing ablution near river. Prophet Mohammed Peace be upon Him said “Saad what is this squandering”
Saad said: “Can there be idea of squandering in Ablution”
Prophet Peace be upon Him said “Yes even you are by side of flowing river” (ibn e Majah)
This Hadith shows that conservation of resources is very important in Islam.

learn quran water

Recycling and Fixing Items

Recycling is good idea but repairing and fixing items is more econimal and ecofriendly than recycling.  Prophet’s wife Ayesha RA says that He was used to repair his own shoes, fixing his torn clothes by sewing a leather patch on clothes and carring our house hold chores.

islamic learn quran online

Recycling Symbol — Image by © Chat Roberts/Corbis

Protecting Wildlife

Animals have huge role in welfare of ecology system. In Islam it is obligatory for Muslims to take care of animals, rescue strays and taking care of their shelter. Prophet said

“There is a reward for serving any living being.” (Bukhari)

This Hadith is narrated by Abu Hurairah RA, who’s name translate too “Father of kittens” because he was known for taking care of kittens and cats.

Features of Learn Quran Academy

learn quran kid

Learn Quran Academy leading organization for providing online service of learning Quran and basics of Islam. With qualified and professional team Learn Quran academy has served thousands of students throughout the world.  With competent technical and teaching staff Learn Quran Academy has unique way of organizing Quran lessons at you home. Some Features of Learn Quran Academy are as follow:

24/7 Learning

 

Learn Quran is Academy is open round the clock, anyone from any part of world can have classes with learn Quran Academy at any time that suits him. Learn Quran Academy also provide flexibility in timings. You can have classes on different days at different timings with professional teachers. They are number of possibilities of having classes with us. You can opt 5 days, 4 days, 3 days or 2 days a week classes according to your requirement. You can choose any day of week because we are available on weekends and on weekdays. We assure our students that no class will be missed from our sides under normal circumstances. We also expect from our students to inform us early if they have to miss some class so that we can arrange extra class to compensate missed classes. Each class takes 30 minutes for each student and the class includes islamic teachings, kalma, daily duas and Islamic moral stories along with Quran learning.

learn quran banner

Student Web Portal

Learn Quran Academy is only Quran teaching institute which has dynamic student portal for every student enrolled. When Student is registered for trail classes we make account for student in our database and student can access his account by given username and password. A student portal contains student dashboard in which there are 3 options:
1. Lecture Details:  Through this button student can check all his previous lecture details in chronological order. Parents can also check the lecture details of their kids through this button. Lecture details include details about each a every session held between student and teacher including start and end time of class and notes from teachers.

2. Start Learning: This button is to start live session between teacher and student. Pressing this button student gets the page of his lesson which is shown and controlled by teacher.

3. Revision:  Whenever student is free and want to revise his lesson he can access his lesson through this button any time.

learn quran islam

Student portal also includes Time Table feature through which student can check his Quran classes schedule for day and time. There is Fee option in which you can check your past payments records. You can also download your certificates from your portal any time. There are issued and uploaded upon completion of your course. They are always available to you and you can get them any time from any location.
Moreover Learn Quran Academy has responsive website which can be easily surfed through any computer devices, mobile device, OS, and Resolution.

You can try these features for free.
Click Here to register for free Trial Sessions

 

Quran and Mountains

learn quran mountains
How Mountains are formed

With advent of plate tectonics theory in sixties and seventies, science was able to describe the process of mountain building. Before plate tectonic theory they were multiples model and  none of them was able to answer the true process of mountain building. Plate tectonic theory revolutionized the concepts of geology. Plate tectonic theory was able to satisfy the Geo scientists for many of geological processes. One important process was “Orogeny” mountains building process. It is not possible to investigate of study the most of part of mountains. And It is also not possible to drill down to earth.According to plate tectonic theory the upper part of earth that is  crust and upper few kilometers of mantle are rigid slab of rocks. They float on semi solid material beneath (Asthenosphere). Each slab is called plate and there are about 21 prominent plates. These plates can be oceanic or continental referring to oceanic and continental distribution respectively.



These plates are mobile and driven by convectional currents in asthenosphere. Every plate has its own relative movement relative to other plates. These plates interact with other in different ways resulting different landforms and topographies. If one of the oceanic and continental part collide each other, the oceanic part being more dense subducts beneath the crustal part and in result arc of mountains are formed. In the other case if two continental  plates merge together they result in accumulation of material forming mountains. For example  High rise Himalayas in India, Nepal and Pakistan are formed in result of converging Eurasian
plate and Indian Plate. We can only see the exterior of mountains and It is not easy to drill down the mountains so to verify this plate tectonic theory by geo physical tools.

g-mountain-root
Image source: Earth, Press and Siever, p. 413.

Isostasy is concept in geophysics which can be easily understood by iceberg analogy. Similar to an ice which has most of its mass below water a mountain have large mass intruded below the earth. This concept was discovered in India around 1800’s when british surveyer were mapping Northern part of India. They observed that the plumb bob was deflecting towards Himalayan foothills. Few hypotheses were made to explain this but Airy’s model is considered best to explain this phenomina.  Airy hypothesized that mountains have “roots” which extend down into the mantle.  Therefore, elevation is proportional to the depth of the underlying “root”.



What Quran says about Mountains?

The concept of mountain building is also described in Quran. Quran described the mountains in words:

Have We not made the earth as a bed, and the mountains as pegs?  (Quran, 78:6-7)

Quran was revealed more than 1400 years ago, in the time when there was no scientific studies to examine the subsurface. Quran say that mountains have roots which are embedded in earth like pegs. At that time when people were not aware about the science of mountain building, the Quran told the exact shape of mountains. Comparing this verse with Airy model which is most accurate model to date it can be confirmed that Quran is book from the Only creater, Allah. The other term “bed” is also used is earth science to describe flat bodies  of rocks.

learn quran airy earth mountain
Image source: (Anatomy of the Earth, Cailleux, p. 220.)

Quran say’s:

And He has set firm mountains in the earth so that it would not shake with you…  (Quran, 16:15)

The most accurate and up to date theory of Plate Tectonics is concordant with this verse  that mountains work as stablizer to earthquakes. There are weak zones (decollement) in mountains which act as shock absorber for earthquakes.

islam and mountains

These two concepts were presented in Quran at time of Prophet Mohammed Peace be Upon Him when there were no considerable scientific advancements. No one knew that there are mountains below mountains.The Quran was only book for centuries that asserted the real shape of mountain. Now recent work in field of Geology has confirmed the concepts mentioned in Quran.

Author: Learn Quran Staff

Contact Us: